Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

An article from the WHO
January 26, 2016
Between 27 December 2015 and 13 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.
 
Details of the cases
 
A 50-year-old male from Madinah city developed symptoms on 3 January and, on 10 January, was admitted to hospital in Madinah. The patient, who has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 12 January. Currently, he is in critical condition in ICU. The patient has a history of frequent contact with camels and consumption of their raw milk. He has no history of exposure to other known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms.
An 85-year-old male from Bisha city developed symptoms on 3 January. On the same day, the patient visited a hospital where he was treated symptomatically and sent home. On 9 January, the patient travelled by airplane to Riyadh to seek medical care. Once in Riyadh, he was admitted to hospital. The patient, who has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 11 January. Currently, he is in stable condition in a negative pressure isolation room on a ward. The patient has a history of frequent contact with camels and consumption of their raw milk. He has no history of exposure to other known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms.
A 59-year-old male from Onizah city developed symptoms on 18 December and, on 27 December, was admitted to hospital. The patient, who is a heavy smoker and has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 28 December. Currently, he is in critical condition in ICU. The patient has a history of frequent contact with camels and consumption of their raw milk. He has no history of exposure to other known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms.
A 54-year-old male from Jeddah city developed symptoms on 14 December and, on 24 December, was admitted to hospital. The patient, who has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 26 December. Currently, he is in stable condition in a negative pressure isolation room on a ward. The patient has a history of frequent contact with camels.
Globally, since September 2012, WHO has been notified of 1,630 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV, including at least 586 related deaths.
 
WHO advice
 
Based on the current situation and available information, WHO encourages all Member States to continue their surveillance for acute respiratory infections and to carefully review any unusual patterns.
 
Read the full article here.
Common Disease Taxonomy: 
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