Monitoring, Evaluation, and Information Management

Tanzania: Cholera Recedes in Zanzibar - Restaurants, Cafes Reopen

The government has lifted the ban it imposed last month on restaurants, cafes and food vendors after cholera out-break which has claimed 57 lives and affected more than three thousand people.
Speaking at the weekly media briefing on the 'state of cholera', the Director of Prevention - Ministry of Health, Dr Mohamed Dahoma, said that restaurants and the popular Forodhani Public Park in stone town (classified as area A), have been conditionally allowed to open business.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 30 April and 5 May 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV), including one fatal case.
Details of the cases
A 39-year-old, non-national, male living in Riyadh city is a household contact of another MERS-CoV (see case no. 2 below). He is asymptomatic and identified through tracing of contacts. The patient, who has no comorbid conditions, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 5 May. The patient is currently in home isolation.

A breath test for malaria

Diagnosing malaria may soon be as easy taking a simple breath test, according to researchers.  
“We really envision this working just like a breathalyzer test when you get pulled over for drunk driving,” said Dr. Audrey Odom, an assistant professor of pediatrics and molecular biology at Washington University in St. Louis. 

Fresh case of dengue fever in Kottakal, health dept steps up vector-control activities

Malappuram: Following reports of dengue fever in Kottakkal, the health department has stepped up vector-control activities in the region.
Recently cases of dengue were reported from Vattamkulam panchayat. Jaundice was also confirmed in over 20 persons in Palappra, Muthur, Vellaparamba and Kavupra, which border Vattamkulam.

Pakistan could beat polio in months, says WHO

Polio could be eradicated in Pakistan within months, health officials say, as a mass vaccination drive is launched.
A World Health Organisation spokesman told the BBC only a handful of cases have been reported this year in Pakistan and neighbouring Afghanistan.
The two countries are the last places where polio remains endemic.
It is hoped millions of children will be vaccinated over three days. Police escorts will guard against Islamist militants who oppose immunisations.

Inovio Zika vaccine protects monkeys, Senate advances $1.1B Zika funding bill

As the quest for a Zika vaccine unfolds, Inovio Pharma ($INO) continues to lead the pack. The Pennsylvania-based vaccine maker announced Monday that its candidate showed promise in nonhuman primates.

The company’s synthetic DNA vaccine elicited “robust” antibody and T cell responses in monkeys, Inovio said in a statement. Each animal that received two doses of the vaccine developed antibodies against the mosquito-borne disease. Three months ago, Inovio reported that the candidate performed well in mice.


Reporte de OMS: El virus del zika afecta a 58 países del mundo

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) informó el jueves que 58 países y territorios están afectados por el virus del Zika, vinculado con la microcefalia y el Síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB).


Africa: Abstinence Push Fails to Slow Spread of HIV

Sex abstinence campaigns in Kenya and Uganda have not reduced the spread of HIV/Aids, a study has shown.
Researchers sought to determine the impact of a $1.4 billion (Sh140 billion) US expenditure in sub-Sahara Africa on drives intended to discourage pre-marital sex and promote faithfulness in marriage.
The money was spent over a 12-year period in 14 countries, including Tanzania and Rwanda. The funding was part of a US scheme known as the "President's Emergency Programme for Aids Relief or Pepfar"

New report shows that urgent action is needed to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030

A new report released by the United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, warns that the AIDS epidemic could be prolonged indefinitely if urgent action is not implemented within the next five years. The report, On the Fast-Track to end the AIDS epidemic, reveals that the extraordinary acceleration of progress made over the past 15 years could be lost and urges all partners to concentrate their efforts to increase and front-load investments to ensure that the global AIDS epidemic is ended as a public health threat by 2030.

South Africa: New, Better HIV Drugs Can Save Billions of Rand

The introduction of three new antiretroviral medicines for treating people with HIV could save $3 billion for programmes in low- and middle-income countries by the end of 2025. This finding was presented in February at the world's premier HIV science meeting: the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, better known as CROI.

Read the full article here.