Monitoring, Evaluation, and Information Management

Over Half Of Measles Cases In U.S. Outbreaks Are Unvaccinated -- Often Intentionally

Even though measles was eliminated from the U.S.—meaning the disease no longer circulated on its own within U.S. borders—16 years ago, outbreaks have continued to result from occasionally imported cases. But the disease can only spread if enough people are not vaccinated against it—and that’s precisely why the U.S. has seen an increase in measles outbreaks. In fact, well over half of people who have caught measles in the past decade and a half were unvaccinated, and most of them had refused the measles vaccine, found a recent study in JAMA.
 
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Fight against polio set to turn a new leaf

Pune: The battle against polio will turn over a new leaf with the health ministry deciding to switch over to bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) from the presently administered trivalent OPV from April 25.
The trivalent oral polio vaccine has been in the immunisation schedule since 1978 and was available for use in India from early 60s. With the switch over and simultaneous introduction of single dose of injectable polio, the country aims at complete eradication of poliomyelitis by 2020.
 
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Haiti records nearly 100 cholera deaths in first two months of 2016

Haiti says it has recorded 96 people have died from cholera during the first two months of this year.
 
The Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) said there were also 7, 782 cases of the disease during the period January 1 to February 27.
 
But it said that the trend is towards a decrease in the number of cases following the outbreak US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention described as the worst epidemic of cholera in recent history.
 
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WHO warns of spraying limitations for dengue fever, Zika virus

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that widespread spraying to eliminate mosquitoes has failed to significantly stop the spread of dengue fever. The agency suggested it may be the same case for the Zika virus, which has been linked to neurological disorders, including microcephaly.

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Nigeria: War Against VPD - After Polio, Measles Should Be Next

When the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Nigeria polio-free, it was celebrated after fighting the battle since 1976. This battle also forced the federal government to set up the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) in the same year. Though the effort failed woefully but in 1979 it was reactivated, leading to the emergence of the Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI).The same can be done to other Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPD), ODIRI UCHENUNU writes.
 
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Ministers pledge to improve access to vaccines at first-ever Ministerial Conference on Immunization in Africa

With one in five African children lacking access to all needed and basic life-saving vaccines, ministers of health and other line ministers countries committed themselves to keep immunization at the forefront of efforts to reduce child mortality, morbidity and disability.
 
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DRC: Children who survived measles are now suffering from malnutrition and malaria

As the measles epidemic gradually fades in the Tanganyika province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, malaria and malnutrition often form a deadly combination for children. In order to face this situation, MSF – in collaboration with the Congolese Ministry of Health – continues to support the Manono health zone for the management of severe acute malnutrition and pediatric emergencies and is opening a similar project in Kabalo.
 
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New Study Links Zika Virus to Temporary Paralysis

A new study of 42 cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome in French Polynesia offers the strongest evidence to date that the Zika virus can trigger temporary paralysis, researchers reported on Monday. But experts cautioned that more evidence from other locations was needed to be conclusive.
 
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More Evidence Links Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Zika Virus

The World Health Organization reports evidence of a suspected link between Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a neurological disorder, and the Zika virus is growing, but far from proven.  
 
Much attention is being paid to the possible association between microcephaly, which causes brain abnormalities in babies, and the Zika virus.  Far less attention is being paid to a possible similar link between the virus and Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a disorder that attacks part of the nervous system and can cause muscle weakening and paralysis.
 
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Afrique: Vaccination infantile - L'Afrique, le continent le moins protégé

La première conférence ministérielle africaine sur la vaccination a ouvert ses travaux, le mercredi 24 février 2016 à Addis Abeba en Ethiopie. Des ministres de la Santé, des Finances, des experts, des décideurs, des bailleurs de fonds et de la société civile réfléchissent aux moyens les plus efficaces afin de parvenir à une couverture vaccinale de tous les enfants du continent.
 
Etendre la vaccination afin de parvenir à une couverture universelle est le nouveau challenge que les dirigeants africains et leurs partenaires veulent se donner en matière de santé.
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