Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

An article from the WHO
March 23, 2016
Between 15 and 16 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death. One of these reported cases is linked to the MERS-CoV outbreak currently occurring in a hospital in Buraidah city.
 
Details of the cases
 
A 54-year-old, non-national male from Buraidah city developed symptoms on 4 March and, on 9 March, was admitted to the hospital where the MERS-CoV outbreak is currently occurring. Prior to symptom onset, the patient regularly visited the same health care facility for an unrelated medical condition. On 14 March, the patient, who has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV. Currently, he is in critical condition in ICU. Investigation of epidemiological link with MERS-CoV cases admitted to the same hospital or with shared healthcare workers is ongoing. The case has no history of exposure to the other known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms.
An 84-year-old male from Buraidah city developed symptoms on 2 March and, on 9 March, was admitted to hospital. The patient, who had comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 11 March. He passed away on 14 March. Investigation of history of exposure to the known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms is ongoing.
A 45-year-old male from Riyadh city developed symptoms on 29 February and, on 13 February, was admitted to hospital. The patient, who has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 14 March. Currently, the patient is in stable condition in a negative pressure isolation room on a ward. Investigation of history of exposure to the known risk factors in the 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms is ongoing.
A 78-year-old female from Alkharj city developed symptoms on 10 March and, on 13 March, was admitted to hospital. The patient, who has comorbidities, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 14 March. Currently, she is in stable condition in a negative pressure isolation room on a ward. The patient has a history of frequent consumption of raw camel milk.
Contact tracing of household and healthcare contacts is ongoing for these cases.
 
The National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia also notified WHO of the death of 3 MERS-CoV cases that were reported in previous DONs on 21 March (case no. 3 and 4) and on 18 March (case no. 2).
 
Read the full article here.
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