Vigilancia

Tanzania: Cholera Prevalence Down By Five Per Cent

Cholera prevalence in the country is down by five per cent, according to a weekly report by the Ministry of Health, Social welfare, Gender, Elderly and Children released in Dar es Salaam.
 
According to a report released by the Deputy Minister Dr Hamis Kigwangalla, there were 499 cholera cases with six deaths registered between February 15 and 21. He pointed out that 11 regions were reported to have cholera prevalence.
 
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Bill Gates says Zika response better than for Ebola

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has turned its attention to the Zika virus outbreak, and its founders said the response to the crisis, which may be linked to devastating birth defects in South America, has been better than for the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Africa.
 
"We got deeply involved in Ebola, and we're already getting deeply involved in Zika," said Melinda Gates in an interview ahead of release of the foundation's annual letter on Monday.
 
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CDC Director on Fighting Zika: ‘There Is So Much That We Need to Do’

CDC director Tom Frieden talks to TIME about what we're learning in the battle against the Zika virus
 
As the Zika virus continues to spread through the Americas, health officials in the U.S. are hurrying to learn more about the virus and prepare for cases. Currently, the emergency operations center at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is on its highest-level alert for the Zika response — only the fourth time in its history. We spoke to CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden about the ongoing outbreak and what we are learning along the way.
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Kenya: MSF warns of future cholera spike if poor water and sanitation conditions in Wajir are not urgently addressed

As the rainy season approaches in Wajir in northeastern Kenya, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is warning that the substandard water and sanitation situation is creating ideal conditions for a future increase in cholera cases. While today patient numbers in the cholera treatment centre in Wajir Hospital are stable, the organization is urging for an immediate improvement in sanitation services to avoid another spike in the outbreak.
 
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Obama Administration Plans to Expand Malaria Effort by $200 Million

The Obama administration plans to use an additional $200 million to expand its fight against malaria, expanding services to 70 million more people in Africa and accelerating a global effort to eradicate the disease.
 
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Blood From Ebola Survivor Yields Clues For New Vaccines And Antibody Drugs

A precious blood sample arrived at Laura Walker’s lab in Lebanon, New Hampshire one year ago.
 
It wasn’t much–just 50 milliliters (about 1.7 fluid ounces).
 
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Roberto Bertollini, scientifique en chef à l'OMS : l'Europe est prête à faire face au virus Zika

Le virus Zika, accusé de causer des malformations congénitales, soulève des inquiétudes croissantes en Europe. Mercredi 17 février, les députés de la commission de l'environnement et de la santé publique ont débattu de cette épidémie avec des représentants de l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS). Nous avons rencontré à l'issue de la réunion Roberto Bertollini, scientifique en chef et représentant de l'OMS auprès de l'Union européenne.
 
Ce virus est connu depuis 1947 : comment expliquer qu'aucun vaccin n'ait été développé jusqu'ici ?
 
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Face à Zika : « Mieux écouter les populations concernées »

Depuis quelque temps, on découvre un nouveau virus dans la fumée encore visible de l’épidémie d’Ebola. En métropole, on découvre et apprend donc de ce « nouveau » virus, Zika, qu’il est un arbovirus vectorisé par des moustiques à l’homme et qu’il se propage de manière explosive sur tout le continent américain et les Caraïbes. Pourtant, il n’y a pas si longtemps, en 2013, ce virus a déjà touché les Polynésiens avec une très importante et rapide diffusion de l’épidémie. On redécouvre ici donc cette maladie de là-bas…
 
Entendre les populations touchées.
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Sud-Kivu: 100 cas de choléra enregistré à Uvira, 2 morts

Plus de cent nouveaux cas de choléra, dont deux décès, ont été enregistrés dans la zone de santé d’Uvira (Sud-Kivu) depuis le mois de janvier dernier.
 
Selon le chargé de communication de cette zone de santé, Jaime Saidi, les deux personnes sont mortes à cause d’un transfert tardif au centre de traitement.
 
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Can Scientists Prove Zika Virus Causing Birth Defects?

Scientists suspect an outbreak of the Zika virus is behind a surge in a rare birth defect in Brazil. But how are they going to prove it?
 
Authorities in the South American country were quick to make the link last fall. The health minister last week said he was “absolutely sure” that the mosquito-borne virus is a cause.
 
But others aren't so certain. While the evidence has been mounting, so far it is circumstantial.
 
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