Surveillance

Central African Republic: MSF emergency team vaccinates 10,000 children against measles and pneumococcal disease

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) emergency teams have vaccinated almost 10,000 children in the Gadzi area of the Central African Republic, about 300 kilometres west of Bangui, after the appearance of several cases of measles led the local authorities to raise the alarm. The vaccination teams had to cope with major access problems due to the poor state of the roads and the dispersion of the population in the area, where more than 70,000 people live with virtually no basic healthcare.
 
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UNHCR battles cholera at world's largest refugee complex

Health workers at the world's largest refugee complex in Kenya are gaining the upper hand in battling a cholera outbreak that has killed 10 people and sickened around 1,000 others since it broke out last month amid rains linked to El Niño.
 
Cholera, an often fatal water-borne bacterial illness, which causes fever, vomiting and watery diarrhoea, flared up in mid-November at Dadaab, which comprises five camps hosting 347,000 refugees and asylum seekers, the majority fleeing violence in Somalia.
 
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‘Rotary International helped reduce polio cases in 2014’

In a world where various pressing humanitarian challenges continue to prevail, Rotary International—one of the world's largest humanitarian service organizations—by way of one of its major corporate projects, has already managed to make a remarkable difference in the lives of the global community stricken by polio, said K R Ravindran, president of Rotary International. He was in Goa recently to recognize the work of the Rotary Club of Goa and Rotary international district 3170.
 
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Cholera Outbreak Hits Eastern Malawi

Malawi is experiencing an outbreak of cholera, two months after the start of the rainy season. Health authorities say the water-borne disease has hit most residents of three districts around Lake Chilwa in eastern Malawi.
 
The first cholera cases were reported in the eastern districts of Machinga and Zomba on December 19 when one person died and 26 others were receiving treatment at public hospitals.
 
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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 29 November and 17 December 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 2 deaths.
 
Details of the cases
 
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Sierra Leone Ebola Survivors Face New Hardships

As 2016 begins, Daddy Hasan Kamara, one of more than 4,000 Ebola survivors in Sierra Leone, is grateful to have his children with him. They mean the world to him. 
 
Nine of his family members were not so lucky and died from the disease, including one son. 
 
“I’m really suffering, I’m really seeing things very hard,” Kamara said.
 
Since his recovery, he has not been able to find work. He has eight children and two sisters to care for.
 
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Measles immunisation: time to close the gap

Since the beginning of the century, the number of measles-related deaths has fallen substantially; between 2000 and 2014 mass immunisation efforts prevented an estimated 17·1 million deaths worldwide, and the number of cases decreased from 146 to 40 per million. Unfortunately, after this decrease the situation has stagnated and many countries are falling far behind the 2015 elimination targets according to a report by WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released in November, 2015.
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Use of ChAd3-EBO-Z Ebola virus vaccine in Malian and US adults

Use of ChAd3-EBO-Z Ebola virus vaccine in Malian and US adults, and boosting of Malian adults with MVA-BN-Filo: a phase 1, single-blind, randomised trial, a phase 1b, open-label and double-blind, dose-escalation trial, and a nested, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

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Working Toward a World Where All Children are Safe from Measles and Rubella

Last week, the Board of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance approved a measles and rubella strategy that will provide an additional $220 million to measles and rubella activities from 2016-2020. In total, Gavi will invest $820 million over the next five years on measles and rubella activities in Gavi-eligible countries.
 
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How Big Data is Helping Fight AIDS in Africa

HIV transmission from mother to child is a major, and preventable, factor in the ongoing prevalence of AIDS in Africa. While transmission rates are below 5% with effective prenatal treatment, the World Health Organization says they can range up to 45% without treatment—unfortunately, a common situation in the developing world.

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