Surveillance

Tanzania: WHO Warning on Cholera Timely - Let's Act Promptly

The warning by the World Health Organisation (WHO) over the apparently unstoppable spread of cholera in Tanzania should act as a wake-up call for health authorities to spring into action. For more than four months now, the disease has slowly but steadily spread around the country, killing scores of people.
 
Despite this disturbing situation, authorities have not responded with the necessary urgency. There doesn't seem to be ample public education on how to control the deadly disease that is spread by bacteria through poor hygiene.
 
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Vaccines alliance signs $5 million advance deal for Merck's Ebola shot

The Gavi global alliance for vaccines and immunization group signed a $5 million advance purchase commitment on Wednesday to buy a vaccine being developed by Merck to protect against future outbreaks of the deadly Ebola virus.
 
Gavi said the agreement would help the U.S. drugmaker take the experimental Ebola vaccine through late-stage clinical trials to licensing and then through pre-qualification by the World Health Organization (WHO).
 
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Thailand braces for major increase in cases of dengue fever as efforts to deliver vaccine accelerate

The number of dengue cases in Thailand is expected to spike this year, a researcher said, as experts from across Asia met to discuss introduction of the first ever dengue vaccine to control and prevent the disease.
 
Dengue – which causes flu-like symptoms and can develop into the deadly dengue haemorrhagic fever – is the world’s fastest-spreading tropical disease, with the annual number of cases increasing 30-fold in the last 50 years, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).
 
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Obama’s Goal to Wipe Out Malaria May Be a Dream Too Far

Two days before delivering his last State of the Union address, President Obama called one of his top advisers into the Oval Office and said he had decided to add a major pledge to the speech that his team had neither discussed nor vetted: to rid the world of malaria.

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Dozens feared exposed as Sierra Leone confirms new Ebola death

A woman who died of Ebola this week in Sierra Leone potentially exposed dozens of other people to the disease, according to an aid agency report on Friday, raising the risk of more cases just as the deadliest outbreak on record appeared to be ending.
 
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Has The World Learned The Wrong Lessons From The Ebola Outbreak?

Last Thursday, the World Health Organization declared the end to two horrific years of the West African Ebola epidemic.
 
Later on the same day, the Ministry of Health in Sierra Leone announced that a patient with Ebola died in the Tonkilli region of that country.
 
Perhaps the most disconcerting aspect of the new case in Sierra Leone was not that it occurred so soon after WHO's proclamation, but that Ebola wasn't diagnosed until after the patient died.
 
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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman

On 3 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Oman notified WHO of 1 additional case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.
 
Details of the case
 
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Hoping for escape but ready to fight: Ebola preparedness in Guinea-Bissau

There were so many opportunities for the Ebola virus to invade Guinea-Bissau. A farmer unknowingly carrying the disease could come in undetected from neighboring Guinea to tend his crops. An infected trader could arrive by bus from Senegal to the north to sell his wares in the capital. A fishermen from Sierra Leone with symptoms could dock on the islands just off the coast unbeknownst.
 
Yet the virus never came.
 
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No more excuses. We have the tools to end the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

By Anthony S. Fauci
 
Anthony S. Fauci is director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health.
 
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Latest confirmation: Polio count for 2015 reaches 52

BAHAWALPUR/QUETTA: The sample of a four-year-old boy from Rahimyar Khan in Punjab has tested positive for poliovirus, taking the count of polio cases of 2015 to 52. This is reportedly the first case in the district in the past four years.
 
District health authorities said Zar Gul Khan contracted the crippling disease on December 2, 2015.
 
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