Communication et sensibilisation

Coronavirus du syndrome respiratoire du Moyen-Orient (MERS-CoV) – Arabie saoudite

Du 30 avril au 5 mai 2016, le point focal national RSI pour le Royaume d’Arabie saoudite a notifié à l’OMS quatre cas supplémentaires d’infection par le coronavirus du syndrome respiratoire du Moyen Orient (MERS-CoV), avec un décès.
 
Informations détaillées sur les cas
 
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PALUDISME : LES PAYS ENDÉMIQUES INVITÉS À ASSEOIR UN SYSTÈME D’INFORMATION EFFICACE

Les pays endémiques au paludisme et ceux où la maladie pourrait réapparaître doivent posséder un système d’information sanitaire efficace pour aider les programmes nationaux de lutte antipaludique a estimé, mardi à Saly-Portudal (Mbour), le directeur de cabinet du ministre de la Santé et de l’Action sociale, le docteur Farba Lamine Sall.
 
"Cela renvoie, a-t-il noté, à un système permettant d’affecter les ressources aux populations les plus touchées et à recenser les carences de la couverture programmatique".
 
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Tanzania: Cholera Recedes in Zanzibar - Restaurants, Cafes Reopen

The government has lifted the ban it imposed last month on restaurants, cafes and food vendors after cholera out-break which has claimed 57 lives and affected more than three thousand people.
 
Speaking at the weekly media briefing on the 'state of cholera', the Director of Prevention - Ministry of Health, Dr Mohamed Dahoma, said that restaurants and the popular Forodhani Public Park in stone town (classified as area A), have been conditionally allowed to open business.
 
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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 30 April and 5 May 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV), including one fatal case.
 
Details of the cases
 
A 39-year-old, non-national, male living in Riyadh city is a household contact of another MERS-CoV (see case no. 2 below). He is asymptomatic and identified through tracing of contacts. The patient, who has no comorbid conditions, tested positive for MERS-CoV on 5 May. The patient is currently in home isolation.
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A breath test for malaria

Diagnosing malaria may soon be as easy taking a simple breath test, according to researchers.  
 
“We really envision this working just like a breathalyzer test when you get pulled over for drunk driving,” said Dr. Audrey Odom, an assistant professor of pediatrics and molecular biology at Washington University in St. Louis. 
 
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Fresh case of dengue fever in Kottakal, health dept steps up vector-control activities

Malappuram: Following reports of dengue fever in Kottakkal, the health department has stepped up vector-control activities in the region.
 
Recently cases of dengue were reported from Vattamkulam panchayat. Jaundice was also confirmed in over 20 persons in Palappra, Muthur, Vellaparamba and Kavupra, which border Vattamkulam.
 
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Pakistan could beat polio in months, says WHO

Polio could be eradicated in Pakistan within months, health officials say, as a mass vaccination drive is launched.
 
A World Health Organisation spokesman told the BBC only a handful of cases have been reported this year in Pakistan and neighbouring Afghanistan.
The two countries are the last places where polio remains endemic.
 
It is hoped millions of children will be vaccinated over three days. Police escorts will guard against Islamist militants who oppose immunisations.
 
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Reporte de OMS: El virus del zika afecta a 58 países del mundo

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) informó el jueves que 58 países y territorios están afectados por el virus del Zika, vinculado con la microcefalia y el Síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB).

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Urine trumps blood for Zika testing, CDC says

When it comes to Zika testing, urine is better than blood, according to new guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC recently updated its interim diagnostic testing guidance for the virus to recommend real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) testing for urine specimens obtained two weeks after the illness starts.

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Africa: Abstinence Push Fails to Slow Spread of HIV

Sex abstinence campaigns in Kenya and Uganda have not reduced the spread of HIV/Aids, a study has shown.
 
Researchers sought to determine the impact of a $1.4 billion (Sh140 billion) US expenditure in sub-Sahara Africa on drives intended to discourage pre-marital sex and promote faithfulness in marriage.
 
The money was spent over a 12-year period in 14 countries, including Tanzania and Rwanda. The funding was part of a US scheme known as the "President's Emergency Programme for Aids Relief or Pepfar"
 
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