Poliomyelitis

Afghanistan continues to succeed in fight against Polio while Pakistan struggles

Afghanistan began a national polio vaccination campaign last week targeting 8.9 million children under 5-years-old.
 
WHO’s latest reports show that polio cases in Afghanistan have fallen from 37 patients in 2012 to 15 cases this year. Experts estimate that Afghanistan’s polio rates decreased by 71 percent in 2013 alone.
 
Afghanistan’s vaccine campaign extends to all 34 of its provinces. Vice President Mohammad Sarwar Danish announced the campaign at a recent ceremony.
 
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99 percent decrease in polio rates shows total eradication is near

Polio has been reduced by 99 percent during the past 26 years thanks to polio eradication efforts reaching a global scale.
 
In 1988, polio was a leading cause of childhood disability cases. UNICEF now provides 500 million children with the polio vaccine each year.
 
Studies show that 10 million cases of polio have been prevented through eradication efforts. This means that approximately a thousand children each day are healthy instead of disabled by polio.
 
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Health experts press for early introduction of injectable polio vaccine in India

Top doctors and medical professors in the country have pressed for early introduction of injectable polio vaccine, saying it is much more effective than the oral form as it eliminates the risk of vaccine-polio. 
 
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Afghanistan Confirms New Polio Cases as Pakistan’s Outbreak Reaches Grim Milestone

On Tuesday, public health officials reported three new cases of polio in Afghanistan's Kandahar province — the first in nearly two years to be recorded in the province, which, like the rest of the country, had recently made strides in fighting the disease.
 
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The budget impact of controlling wastage with smaller vials: A data driven model of session sizes in Bangladesh, India (Uttar Pradesh), Mozambique, and Uganda

Introduction
Open vial vaccine wastage in multi-dose vials is a major contributor to vaccine wastage. Although switching from 10-dose vials to 5-dose vials could reduce wastage, a higher total cost could be triggered because smaller vials cost more to purchase and store.
 
Methods
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Vaccins : ce qui est obligatoire et ce qui ne l'est pas

Certains vaccins contre des maladies que l'on dit disparues mais qui ne le sont en réalité pas totalement sont obligatoires. C'est le cas du DTP : le vaccin contre la diphtérie et le tétanos, et celui contre la poliomyélite. Environ 95 % des Français sont vaccinés contre ces maladies, ce qui n'empêche pas que l'on compte en moyenne 20 nouveaux cas de tétanos par an. Dans ces deux cas, la primo vaccination est obligatoire avant 18 mois.
 
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Polio on the Rise Again in Pakistan, Officials Say

Polio is surging again in Pakistan, frustrating world health officials trying to wipe out the disease.
 
Last week, the country reported 202 cases of paralysis, the first time in 14 years the figure topped 200.
 
Pakistan is the only country where the virus is spreading fast. Eight of Afghanistan’s 10 cases are linked to Pakistan, said Dr. Elias Durry, who directs the World Health Organization’s response in Pakistan. Both Nigeria and Somalia have fewer than 10 cases each, and Africa may be polio-free by 2015, he said.
 
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Philippines introduces inactivated polio vaccine

The Philippine Department of Health (DOH) said on Tuesday that it introduced inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) to the country as part of an expanded program to immunize children.
 
The IPV, which is injected, will be administered in health centers in addition to the oral polio vaccine when children are 14 weeks old.
 
“The introduction of inactivated polio vaccines will allow us to improve the protection of Filipino children against polio and maintain our polio-free status in the country,” Secretary of Health Enrique Ona said.
 
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Role of EV-D68 in polio-like illnesses still unclear

As the nationwide outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infections grew again today, federal and state health officials said they still have no idea whether the virus is contributing to a number of prolonged polio-like illnesses that have cropped up in a few states, especially California and Colorado.
 
The count of EVD-68 cases, almost all of them in children, climbed to 538, up 24 from yesterday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced today. The number of affected states stayed level at 43.
 
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