August 21, 2013 -- Despite years of strong progress, burden of AIDS growing in the Caribbean and Southeast Asia and still significant in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is changing in unexpected ways in countries around the world, showing that greater attention and financial investment may be needed in places where the disease has not reached epidemic levels, according to a new study from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.
HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of disease burden in 21 countries concentrated in four regions: Eastern and Southern Africa, Central Africa, the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia. In another seven countries, it’s the second-leading cause of disease burden. Despite widespread declines in HIV/AIDS mortality, between 2006 and 2010 HIV/AIDS deaths increased in 98 countries.
In 2005, 68.7% of global HIV/AIDS burden was in countries where HIV/AIDS was the leading or second-leading cause of the burden of disease. In 2010, 59.4% of the burden was in countries where HIV/AIDS ranked first or second, meaning countries where the disease ranked lower represented a larger share of the burden.
In 2010, for example, 20% of health loss due to HIV/AIDS was in countries where HIV/AIDS was not in the top 10 causes of disease burden, compared to only 15.5% in 2005.
The findings were published August 21 in the study “The burden of HIV: insights from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010” in the peer-reviewed journal AIDS.
Read the rest of the press release here.