Injection Safety

East Africa: Injectable Anti-Polio Drug to Be Rolled Out Next Month

Kenyan children will from next month benefit from an extra dose of injectable inactivated polio vaccine (IPV).
The Ministry of Health has received about 800,000 doses of the vaccine for the exercise, through Gavi, the global vaccine alliance.
"By introducing this vaccine into routine immunisation programmes and using it together with the oral vaccine, children will be better protected from polio and at the same time we will be able to eradicate the remaining strains of wild polio virus," reads a statement from the Ministry of Health.

The last lap on the road to polio eradication in India

Before the year ends, India will introduce a new injectable inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), in its immunisation schedule. This will be one of the few remaining steps on the road to ensuring that no Indian child is crippled or killed by polio ever again.

A Move Closer to Total Disappearance of Polio

Three years have passed since a case of Type 3 wild polio virus has been detected in the world, which means that particular viral subtype has most likely disappeared forever, the World Health Organization announced this month.
Its demise could speed up the drive to eliminate polio, which has gone on for 27 years and now costs more than $1 billion a year.
The last known Type 3 polio case was an 11-month-old boy in northern Nigeria who became paralyzed on Nov. 10, 2012.

By tracing cellphones, Pakistan makes inroads in war against polio

ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN — In a surprising turnaround, Pakistan appears to be finally getting a handle on its polio epidemic, thanks to unorthodox tactics such as tracking residents’ cellphones.
The 85 percent decline in new cases this year is boosting confidence that Pakistani officials are on pace to stop the spread of the virus here, perhaps as early as next year. If Pakistan can achieve that goal, the world will take a major step toward becoming polio-free.

Nigeria's polio-free gift to Africa

Disease eradication entails the total stopping of the transmission of an infectious disease, reducing the prevalence of the disease to zero. To date, only one disease — smallpox — has been successfully eradicated. The next disease set for eradication is poliomyelitis, popularly known as polio.

EU regulator finds no safety issues with GSK, Merck HPV vaccines

 European drug regulators have found no safety concerns linking GlaxoSmithKline's and Merck's cervical cancer vaccines with two conditions known as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS).
Concluding a safety review on Wednesday, the European Medicines Agency said its Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) found that "evidence does not support a causal link between the vaccines and development of CRPS or POTS".

Millennium Challenge Compact to Help Liberia Recover From Ebola

Liberia and the United States this week signed a $257 million Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact in Washington. Liberian Vice President Joseph Boakai and Planning and Economic Affairs Minister Amara Konneh participated in the ceremonial signing at the State Department on behalf of the Liberian government.
The agreement highlights the United States’ re-engagement with Liberia in its post-Ebola recovery, and will focus on hydropower generation, electricity sector reform and road maintenance sector reform.   

Polio Oversight Board Meeting 25 September

The attached document is a letter from CDC Director Tom Frieden on the Polio Oversight Board September Meeting in New York City. The text below is taken from the document.


WHO mobilizes 510 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine to help control the cholera outbreak in Iraq

Erbil, Iraq - An estimated 250 000 displaced persons will be targeted during the oral cholera vaccine (OCV) campaign to help control cholera outbreak in Iraq.  The World Health Organization (WHO) has mobilized 510 000 doses of OCV, and the 2-dose campaign is part of a strategy to prevent cholera transmission in high-risk areas and avert a potentially large-scale cholera outbreak in the 62 camps for refugees and internally displaced people. 

Namibia to Introduce New Polio Vaccine in 2016

A much safer polio vaccine will be introduced to Namibia in April next year when the country transitions from trivalent live oral poliomyelitis vaccine (ToPV) to bivalent oral polio vaccine (BoPV), the Ministry of Health and Social Services said this week.
Marjorie van Wyk, the Acting Deputy Director for the Family Health Division in the Ministry of Health and Social Services, explained that the introduction of the new vaccine means the strains of polio type two will not be present in the new vaccine, thus making it safer.