Children infected with H.I.V. appear much more likely than those who are not to die with severe malaria, a new study has found. It may make sense to give these children malaria drugs protectively, the authors said.
The research, which looked at 3,000 Malawian children who went into comas with cerebral malaria and included autopsies on more than 100 who had died, partly resolves a question that has long puzzled H.I.V. specialists. Does H.I.V. make malaria more lethal, as it is well-known to do with other diseases — notably tuberculosis?